Greece is one of the European countries located in the southeast of the European continent and its capital is Athens.
The population of Greece reaches 10.7 million, according to 2018 statistics, and its geographical location is distinguished by its location in the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula between the three continents of Asia, Europe and Africa, where it shares borders with Macedonia and Bulgaria.
In the north and with Albania in the northwest and Turkey in the northeast, as well as surrounded by a group of seas such as the Aegean Sea from the east, the Ionian Sea to the west and the Mediterranean in the south, tourism in Greece in general and tourism in Athens in particular is one of the most important tributaries of the Greek economy, as it has the longest line Two coastal areas along the Mediterranean Sea with a length of 13,676 km.
Athens is the capital of Greece, one of the largest
European economic centers, and tourism in Athens contributes as part of this economy by containing the port of Piraeus, which is the largest port in Europe and the second largest in the world.
The city is distinguished by its heritage dating back to the classical era, through ancient artwork and monuments such as Parth.
Yinon is one of the main landmarks of Western civilization, and the city also includes a group of Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman monuments in addition to the Acropolis and the Monastery of Daphne, which dates back to the medieval era.
Athens, the National Library and Kapodistrian University, as well as a group of museums such as the National Archaeological Museum, the Acropolis Museum, the Byzantine and Christian Museum, the Museum of Cycladic Arts and the Benaki Museum, in addition to the above, the city’s role has emerged through sporting events as it was the first city to host an Olympic Games in 1896 without neglecting its role Great in the field of art, philosophy and science, as it is home to the most important thinkers such as Plato and Lyceum Aristotle, which made tourism in Athens an ideal choice for tourists looking to mix ancient and modern history.
Tourism in Athens plays an important role in the economy of Greece and is one of the most important Industries in Greece, where tourism in Greece accounts for 25% of the GDP The total number of tourists in the country, since the boom in 1950, the number of tourist arrivals reached 33 thousand until it rose to 11.4 million in 1994 before the number reached 24 million tourists in 2018, making Greece one of the most visited countries in Europe thanks to the work of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
In the country, which promoted tourism in an effective and organized manner.
Greece ranks tenth in the world in terms of tourism spending.
Tourism has also created new job opportunities to employ 19% of the country’s workforce.
Greece’s long history and rich in diverse cultures have made it a destination.
It includes 18 world heritage sites according to various UNESCO classifications. It also includes some famous tourist destinations in the country, the capital, Athens, Mykonos, Santorini, Corfu, Rhodes, Chalkidiki, Crete, and others without neglecting religious tourism through the monasteries in Mount Athos and Meteora.
Famous places in Athens
Athens, with its ancient history as well as its vibrant, modern cultural scene that extends between art, fashion, food and through tourism in Athens and to make the most of the beauty of the city and Ath The most important sites that must be visited during tourism in Athens will be addressed as follows:
- The Acropolis: By enjoying a walk towards the Acropolis, which includes a wide range of historical stones on display from the Parthonian era, and enjoying a wonderful view of the entire city.
- Kokaki: It is one of the modern neighborhoods in Athens that provides an opportunity to relax and have a coffee, especially in the early morning.
- Metz and the Cemetery: When touring in Athens, one must take a tour through the Metz area behind the Panathenaic Stadium and full of picturesque buildings and residential houses, then head to the first Athens Cemetery, which includes some famous personalities in Greece such as Melina Mercury and former prime ministers.
- Gardens: which includes Zappion Hall and Bangrati, where the various national parks contain more than 7 thousand species of trees.
- Lycabitis: It is one of the most famous hills in Athens, which offers spectacular views of the city.
- Exarchia: Exarchia, which includes many lively bars, is one of the most eclectic places in Athens due to the diversity of successive civilizations, evident from metal bars and Gothic to grunge areas.
- Metaxourgio: It is one of the most distinctive neighborhoods within the city, which includes a range of restaurants and cafes.
Landmarks and monuments when tourism in Athens It is imperative to visit the Acropolis, which is a group of amazing temples from the fifth century BC located on a hill within the Greek capital.
The following is the most important thing to know about this historical landmark:
- The Parthenon: It is a temple that dates back Athena Parthenos, the patron of the city, was built between 447 and 438 BC, and turned into a church before becoming a mosque during the Turkish rule.
- Erechtheion: It is located in the northern part of the Acropolis. It was built between 421 and 406 BC and is named after the legendary king of Athena,Erichthus.
- Propylaea: the gates on the western part of the hill, which were a fortification gate after the Acropolis became a sanctuary designated for Athens.
- Athena Nike Temple: It is located in the southeastern part of the sacred complex, the Acropolis, and was built during the period between 426 and 421 BC.
- Ancient Temple of Athena: It was an ancient monument located between Erichtion and the Parthenon, and was completed