North African countries Egypt covers the Arab Republic of Egypt (in English: Egypt) located in Northeast Africa, a geographical area of about one million km2, as it extends about 1100 km from east to west, and about 1080 km from the north to the southern side, and Egypt has sea and land borders With a number of countries, as the Libyan Arab Republic is bordered on the western side, the Sudanese Republic on the southern side, and the Mediterranean Sea on the northern side, while on the eastern side it is bordered by: the Red Sea, the Gaza Strip, and the Palestinian territories.
The Nile Valley and Delta occupies 4% of the total area of the Republic of Egypt, and the desert plateau is the predominant feature of the surface features of the country, with the presence of some high areas on both sides of the Nile River Valley, with altitudes reaching about 800 m above sea level in the western regions, and about 1000 m Above sea level in the eastern regions, agricultural lands are found in abundance in the areas near the delta, the banks of the Nile River, and around the main canals that branch from it, while pastures extend along the coastal strip of the Mediterranean, but with a few kilometers.
Mount Catherine appears in the Sinai region, and represents the highest mountain peak in the country, at an altitude of 2,629 meters above sea level, while the lowest area in Egypt appears in the northwestern part, in the Qattara Depression. ,
The Arab Republic of Tunisia (in English: Tunisia) is located in the far north of the African continent, and it ranks ninety-first in the list of the largest countries in the world in terms of geographical area, as its total area is estimated at 163,610 km2, and it is divided into land areas covering an area of approximately 155,360 km2 of the total The size of the country, in addition to the water bodies extending over an area of 8,250 km2, and Tunisia has land and sea borders with several countries; The Libyan Republic borders it on the southeast side, and it shares its western borders with the Algerian Republic, while on the eastern and northern sides it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea.
The terrain of the Tunisian lands varies, as the north-eastern part of the country is characterized by the presence of the Atlas Mountains, which extend from the Algerian borders to the Mediterranean Sea, and the lands located in the eastern and northern sides of the Atlas Mountains are characterized by the presence of flat coastal areas and low hills, while the south of Tunisia is represented by the presence of the desert The Great Desert, which is the largest desert in the world, while in the central part of the country appears a field of sand dunes, known as the Grand Erg Oriental.
Tunisia includes a number of islands, such as: the Kerkennah Islands Chain (in English: Kerkennah), which is considered one of the low-lying islands, as its height does not exceed 13 meters above sea level, and the island of Djerba (in English: Jerba Island), which is connected to the mainland through an ancient Roman road.
It extends over an area of approximately 400 km2, and the Tunisian territory is characterized by the flow of the Medjerda River, which is the longest river in the country, with a length of 450 km, in addition to dozens of tributaries, and this river originates from the Algerian Republic, to end in The Mediterranean Sea.
The Algerian Republic (in English: Algeria) occupies the first place in the continent of Africa, and the tenth in the world in terms of geographical area, with an area of 2.38 million km2, and about 43,382,334 people are distributed over this area, according to United Nations data dated 30 -11-2019 AD, Algeria is located in the northern part of Africa, specifically on the northern side of the Sahara Desert.
Algeria has borders with the Kingdom of Morocco, Mauritania on the western side, borders with Mali, and Niger on the southern side, as for the east, it shares its borders with the Republic of Tunisia and the Libyan Republic, while the Mediterranean Sea borders it on the north, and the superficial features are mainly in Algeria.
In the presence of the Sahara Desert, which occupies 80% of the total area of the country, in addition to the Atlas Mountains, which are located on the northern side of Algeria, and the country is also famous for the presence of rich sources of oil and natural gas in it, and it is worth noting that most Algerian cities are concentrated in the nearby regions. From the coast.
The climate of the Algerian Republic is characterized by drought, as temperatures range in summer between 21 ° and 24 ° Celsius, while in winter they drop between 10 ° and 12 ° Celsius, and during the summer hot and sandy monsoons may blow, called Sirocco winds. Which is characterized by its strength, which sometimes leads to the emergence of sandstorms, and Algeria is the capital of the republic.
The State of Morocco came in third place, and due to its geographical location in North Africa and its proximity to Europe, foreign trade relations with it are easy, and there are many investors, and its business climate is characterized by diversity.
In addition, the Moroccan government’s efforts in the education sector have helped increase the well-educated workforce, and the Moroccan government is stable and supports economic development.
Arabic and French are the two common languages of communication among the population, but French is more common in transactions in the business world.